douard Jean. Toussaint Dirige Vers la Bataille
A phrase commonly seen is that Haiti is 80% Catholic, 20% Protestant and 100% Voodoo.
To truly understand the complexity of the Haitian religious community, one must consider that Voodoo permeates the entire society. Thus it is important to understand what Voodoo is and how its syncretism embraces the various religions.
Roman Catholicism in Haiti
The most professed by far is Roman Catholicism. Catholicism is enshrined in the Haitian constitution as the official state religion, and between 80 and 85% of Haitians are Catholics. Pope John Paul II visited Haiti in 1983. In a speech in the capital of Port-au-Prince, he criticized the government of Jean-Claude Duvalier. It is believed that the impact of this speech on the Catholic bureaucracy in Haiti contributed to his removal in 1986.
According to the Catholic Church in Haiti, the ten dioceses of the two ecclesiastical provinces of Haiti number up to 251 parishes and about 1500 Christian rural communities. The local clergy has 400 diocesan priests and 300 seminarians. There are also 1300 religious missionary priests belonging to more than 70 religious orders and fraternities.
Protestantism in Haiti
The Protestant population is 16%. This includes Baptist 10%, Pentecostal 4%, Adventist 1%. There are other denominations as well.
The Episcopal Diocese of Haiti is the Anglican Communion diocese consisting of the entire territory of Haiti. It is part of Province 2 of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America of the Episcopal Church (United States). Its cathedral, Holy Trinity (French: Cath√©drale Sainte Trinit√©) located in the corner of Avenue Mgr. Guilloux and Rue Pav√©e in downtown Port-au-Prince, has been destroyed six times, including in the 2010 Haiti earthquake. It is the largest diocese in the Episcopal Church (United States), with 83,698 members reported in 2008.
Voodoo - The Religion of Haiti
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