Outline of James Ferguson PAPA DOC, BABY DOC: HAITI AND THE DUVALIERS
Oxford, UK. New World, NY. B. Blackwell, 1987. 171 pages.
Notes: by Bob Corbett
- "The aim of this book is to describe the events and circumstances
which led to the rise and fall of the Duvalier dictatorship in Haiti."
CHAPTER 1 PP. 1-29 INDEPENDENCE AND OCCUPATION
Dec. 6, 1492 Columbus landed. The Taino Arawak Indians were there.
Bartolome de las Casas campaigned against Indians slavery. Thus in 1520
Black slavery began.
- p. 2 "Hispaniola with its gold quickly exhausted..." Whose was this
gold? D.R./Haiti or imported?
- p. 3. Marrons --from Spanish cimarron--wild
- p. 5 1789 population estimated 28,000 Mulatto.
- p. 6. Aug. 15, 1791. Bois-Caiman nean Gros-Morne Boukman Voodoo
- p. 8. Toussaint "The first among the blacks" in letter to Napoleon.
- p. 10 He died Nov. 2, 1802.
- p. 12 following Citadelle
- p. 15 Boyer's rule.
- p. 16 1820--1843 Boyer trends form the basis of modern economic and
political trends in Haiti.
- p. 17. French debt. 1922 finally finished.
- p. 20. Fall of Geffrard in 1867 marked the beginning of period of
chronic political instability. 1867--1915
- p. 21. End of 19th century. est. 80% of budget devoted to debt
- p. 21. Salnave offered U.S. naval base at Mole St. Nicola
- p. 23--29 on occupation July 28, 1915 Bizonton.
CHAPTER 2 PP. 30--59. PAPA DOC: MYSTIFICATION AND
- p. 38 begins the section on president Duvalier
Oct. 1957 merchants closed shops. Duvalier used Cagoulards
second he went after newspapers
third new general: March 1958.
Invasions p. 41 ff.
June 28, 1958 Deputy Sheriffs by taptap. Took over Dessalines
Barracks. Duvalier ready to flee, but they send a hostage out to get
cigarettes. He allerted the Army, and all invaders were killed.
2nd invasion Mid-Aug. 30 guerrillas at Southern tip.
- p. 43 Fall of Batista in Jan. 1959 and increased communist threat put
Papa Doc in good position of bargaining with U.S. U.S. relations
Cri de Jacmel Cry from Jacmel June, 1960. Threat to "turn elsewhere
Oct. 22, 1961 fraudelent 2nd term. Name on all ballots. 6 year term.
Jan. 1962 U.S. traded vote to exclude Cuba from OAS in exchange for
money to build the airport.
- p. 47 ff. General Leon Cantave led several attacks across Dominican
- p. 48 Jeune Haiti and the attacks in reprisal against the Sansariq
- p. 49. Lord's prayer ala Duvalier + other catechism.
- p. 50 Quote of Duvalier's strict anti-communism.
Duvalier's book: Memoirs of A Third World Leader (1969)
- p. 51-52. Film and book The Comedians. Film shot in Dahomey (now
- p. 53. Dec. 1968 Marron inconnu statue of Marron unveiled.
- p. 55 July 1969 Rockerfeller visit increased tourism + beginnings of
off-shore plants and baseball
- p. 56 Jean-Claude ratified 2,391,916 for and 1 against.
Between 30,000 and 60,000 killed. Many others exiled or brutalized.
- p. 57. Haiti had become the poorest nation in the hemisphere.
CHAPTER 3 PP. 60--89 BABY DOC: DYNASTIC CORRUPTION, 1971-1986
Installed April 22, 1971.
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